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Acne: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

at Omniya Clinic in London

What is acne?

Acne is a very common inflammatory skin condition which occurs when hair follicles become plugged with dead skin cells and oil. Typically, acne can be found on the face, forehead, back, shoulders and chest. Whilst acne is most common amongst teenagers, usually starting at puberty, it can affect people of all ages for varying reasons.

Along with acne, comes scarring which can leave sometimes leave permanent scars in areas where you were once affected.

Acne can be difficult to treat, with many over-the-counter solutions being far too aggressive for the skin. At Omniya Clinic, we offer a range of treatments that can reduce acne symptoms and procedures to clear or minimise acne scarring. 

During our consultation, our expert clinician will investigate your current skin condition and identify the root causes of your acne. We will closely evaluate your health and lifestyle factors and offer an expert opinion on the best course of action for your acne and/or scarring.

What are the causes of acne?

The oil-producing (sebaceous) glands can be particularly sensitive to blood levels of certain hormones, present in males and females. These can cause glands to produce excess oil. If the dead skin cells, which line the pores, do not shed properly, they can clog up the follicles, producing blackheads and whiteheads.

The main causes of acne are:

  • Hair follicles, clogged by oil and dead skin cells
  • Bacteria
  • Hormone-related
  • Excess of oil production

The causes of acne can be further exacerbated due to hormones, medication, diet and stress. Acne scarring can also develop when serious types of spots, like cysts, burst and damage the surrounding skin. It can also worsen when you pick or squeeze your spots, leaving you with uneven skin texture.

What are the symptoms of acne?

Common symptoms of acne include cysts, small red bumps (papules) or bumps that contain white or yellow pus (pustules). You may also develop whiteheads or blackheads and see scarring develop in areas where it was once inflamed.

What treatments are available at Omniya?

Hormone replacement therapy (TRT)

HRT can provide a solution to deal with excess sebum production, by regulating the hormones responsible for controlling the sebaceous glands. HRT is a complex therapeutic intervention, with many variables to consider – however if a patient has several concerns that can be addressed using HRT, it may be possible to choose a course of medication that will provide the best results for acne sufferers.

Facials

Facials can help counteract acne symptoms by neutralising bacteria present on the skin, thoroughly cleaning hair follicles, and removing any built-up dead skin cells or sebum.

Acne FAQs

What are the symptoms of acne?

There are varying symptoms and signs of acne, depending on the condition’s severity. These can include:

  • Whiteheads (which are closed plugged pores)
  • Blackheads (which are open plugged pores)
  • Small, tender red bumps (papules)
  • Pimples, which are papules with pus at the tips
  • Nodules, which are painful solid lumps under the skin surface
  • Cystic lesions, which are lumps beneath the skin surface filled with pus.

Is acne hereditary?

Whilst acne can run in families, in most cases it occurs for unknown, sporadic reasons.

How is acne diagnosed?

Acne is recognised quite easily, by the appearance of spots, and the manner in which they are distributed on the body – primarily, the face, neck, chest and back.

As there are a number of different varieties of acne, it is important that you speak with an expert. At Omniya Clinic, we pride ourselves on working with leading aestheticians and dermatologists to ensure your concerns are diagnosed and treated effectively.

Can acne be cured?

Whilst there is no cure for acne, there are a variety of treatments available at Omniya Clinic to prevent the formation of new spots, to reduce the spots, and to help clear scarring.

One of our experts will be happy to help you to control your acne, avoid scarring or damage to the skin and make the scarring less noticeable.

How can acne be treated?

At Omniya Clinic, we have a variety of treatments that can assist with acne concerns. These can be categorised as:

  • Over the counter products.
  • Oral antibiotics, taken by mouth.
  • Contraceptive medication.
  • Anti androgen agents, which block androgen agents.
  • Light therapy
  • Laser therapy
  • Chemical peels
  • Extraction of blackheads and whiteheads
  • Steroid injections
  • Topical treatments, which are applied directly to the skin. These include retinoids (vitamin A), salicylic acid and azelaic acid, dapsone).

How do we treat acne at Omniya Clinic?

During your initial skin consultation, our expertly trained and experienced skin specialists will be able to advise on treatments (including hormonal therapy and dermatology), medical grade products and lifestyle factors, with a view to putting together a bespoke treatment plan designed with your specific requirements in mind.

For more information, please view our team here and contact us for more information.

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During your consultation, we will advise you on the best treatments and products for you to use at home.
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