Too much exposure to UltraViolet (UV) rays is the cause of sun damage to the skin. Dry skins, premature wrinkles and hyperpigmentation are some of the indicators we have been out too long without sunscreen. So too are broken capillaries and age spots at a relatively young age.
When the skin feels the effects of UV rays on its surface (epidermis), melanin is produced in order to protect it. This results in the tanning effect. The darker the skin is, the more melanin produced and the more the epidermis has been exposed to UV. When the skin is burned by the sun its cells are damaged and it needs to get rid of them – hence the peeling effect. Worse, those same rays can cause long-term damage to collagen and elastin in the skin, resulting in early wrinkles and sagging skin. These are most common on the face, hands, shoulders and arms – those areas most exposed to the sun.
Various non-invasive treatments can help minimise the damage caused by sun over the years. This includes skin peels, laser treatment, microneedling and Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP). Skin peels remove the old, outer layer of skin, allowing a new healthier skin to grow. Laser treatment involves burning the outer layers while micro-needling encourages new growth by ‘injuring’ the epidermis. PRP is aimed at quickening the growth of collagen and elastin.