Dispensing is simply the term that is used to describe the process of preparing medication and giving it to the individual that is named on the prescription.
Medications enter the body in a number of different ways. For instance, the most common route for medications is by the mouth (orally) in the form of liquids, capsules, or pills. Nevertheless, if the medication is not available in oral form or the patient is not able to take medications in this manner, they can enter the body via other routes. Below, we will take a look at some of the different options and routes when it comes to taking medication:
Oral – This is when medications are taken by mouth. This will typically be medication in liquid, capsule, or pill form. They are swallowed, passing into the digestive system. The medications are then broken down in either the intestines or stomach and they are absorbed in the same manner that food is. They will then enter the bloodstream, passing through the liver first. Once the medication gets into the bloodstream, it will circulate to the area whereby the action is required.
Transdermal – This refers to medication that is taken through the skin. Medicine will be applied to the skin either by lotions, creams, or a path, and they will then pass through the skin into the blood vessels.
Topical medications – These can be applied to the skin directly, tending to have an impact that is very localised. They do not typically enter the bloodstream in significant amounts.
Ear drops or eye drops – Eye drops or ear drops can be applied directly. They tend to be used for treating certain symptoms or issues within the ear or eye. Nevertheless, there are some eye drops that can be absorbed into the bloodstream. An example would be the eye drops that are given as glaucoma treatment.
Sublingual, buccal, and nasal – Sublingual is a term used to describe medication being placed under the tongue. Buccal describes medicine being placed in the cheek. Finally, nasal refers to medication being taken through the nose. With these options, medicine will be absorbed through the thin mucous membrane that is situated in the inner of the mouth and nose, entering the bloodstream in this manner.