What You Need To Know About Botox

What Is Botox?

Botox (onabotulinum A toxin) is a drug that is produced from a protein, also a neurotoxin, from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. This toxin and its role in the nervous system was identified due to the illness botulism. In cosmetics and medical practice, the protein is purified and used in Botox ® used in medicine since the 1970s. During the last 20 years, Botox has been increasingly exploited and is widely used in dermatology, in addition to the treatment of medical conditions such as migraines and excessive sweating. There are other brands of Botox-like treatment containing the same neurotoxin protein, such as Bocouture.

How Does Botox Work?

Botox works by blocking the activity in the local muscles by preventing the release of neurotransmitter, acetylcholine, at the nerve synapse. Loss of acetylcholine in the neuromuscular junction results in flaccid paralysis due to the prevention of muscle contraction. The result is a more relaxed expression, and it is the weakening of the selected muscle that induces a smoother and flatter appearance in the overlying skin. For this reason, Botox is frequently used to relax facial muscles and reduce facial wrinkles, inducing a more youthful appearance. An experienced clinician will use a tiny needle to inject the Botox into the striated facial muscles. Subsequently, the clinical effect of Botox is usually observed a number of days, post-injection.

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Why Would You Have Botox?

The skin is the largest organ of the body and is exposed to both internal and external ageing factors. Skin ageing is characterised by wrinkles, loss of elasticity and lessening of smoothness in appearance. Internal ageing results from decreases, for example, in collagen and elastin, proteins that support the skin structure, whilst, external factors can include smoking, in particular, this can produce lines around the mouth.

In dermatology, the site of the Botox injection is generally the muscles responsible for facial expression, that over time can lead to a tired, disapproving or aged appearance. This results in the formation of lines, creases and/or wrinkles. Aesthetically, treatment with Botox has plentiful applications, including reducing the appearance of lines, wrinkles, folds and/or creases positioned: between the eyebrows (glabellar frown lines), horizontally on the forehead, side of the eyes (crow’s feet or laughter lines), neck and chest/cleavage (turkey neck), nasolabial folds around the mouth and nose; in addition, Botox can be used to raise the eyebrows.

How Long Does Botox Last?

The optimal results from Botox can be seen within approximately 2 weeks, although, the effect of the Botox can be observed for 3 to 6 months [1]. The efficacy is dose-dependent and will vary between individuals due to muscle arrangement and the frequency of Botox treatment. Periodic re-treatment of Botox is necessary to maintain the effects of wrinkle reduction. In some cases, the effects of Botox will gradually lessen, resulting in reduced efficacy in muscle paralysis over time. Your practitioner at Omniya Clinic London will provide expert treatment guidance in this regard.

There is strong scientific evidence in support of the successful use, efficacy and tolerability of Botox ® in glabellar frown lines. Trials also confirmed that many subjects that have had Botox respond better after a second or a third treatment session. It is important to have realistic expectations in relation to the results to be expected. However, it is generally accepted worldwide that Botox treatment does produce a noticeable improvement in the appearance of the skin, with rejuvenation and anti-ageing effects seen by individuals that have soug